German-Omani Workshop on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and Energy held

HALBAN To introduce students from all GUtech departments to the sustainable use of natural resources and energy, a one-day workshop in cooperation with Brandenburg Technical University, Cottbus – Senftenberg (Germany) was conducted at the university last Thursday. It was the second workshop on environmental sustainability held at GUtech’s Department of Engineering. The workshop combined lectures, case-study presentations and group work. It was directly related to the academic curricula and all study-programmes at GUtech.

“The workshop provided students with in-depth knowledge on environmental planning, law, sustainability standards, certification and ecology in the context of sustainable development, coping with the effects of climate change through adaptation and mitigation. Such adaptation measures were discussed on a local, regional and global scale and from different stakeholder perspectives,” said Prof. Dr. Najah Al Mhanna, Head of the Department of Engineering. The workshop on Sustainable Use of Resources and Energy provided the students with a new vision of the environment we are living in, addressing the complexity and interrelation of population growth, environmental degradation and scarcity of our natural resources on Earth.

A first joint Summer School on “Climate Change Response Strategies for Sustainable Land Use and Water Management” was conducted in cooperation with professors from the Brandenburg Technical University, Cottbus – Senftenberg last September. The Summer School focused on sustainable development and climate change including climate change response strategies, emerging issues on environmental law and environmental assessment with a focus on sustainable land and water management.

Caption: Students during the workshop

© GUtech: Text: Dr. Manuela Gutberlet/ Photo: Umaima Al Zadjali


Geography Students from RWTH Aachen University explore student life at GUtech

HALBAN Five Bachelor students from the Geography Department of RWTH Aachen University (Germany) have visited the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech) today. The students were especially interested in student life on campus. After a small tour around campus, they spoke to students from different departments about their studies and life on campus.

The students are studying Applied Geography at RWTH Aachen University, GUtech’s partner-university. They are part of a group of 20 students who are currently conducting a geography field-excursion on urban developments in different Gulf countries including Oman. The excursion is headed by Prof. Dr. Carmella Pfaffenbach, Head of Cultural Geography at RWTH Aachen University along with Aysha Farooq, PhD candidate at the Department and GUtech alumna.

“There is an open atmosphere here on campus. I like the amphitheatre and the overall architecture. It is not anonymous and students have good contacts with other students and with their professors,” said Kai. After several conversations with Omani and international students, Chiara said that she could imagine studying at GUtech for one semester. All the students said that the people are very friendly in Oman. They also liked the diverse and beautiful landscape. About student life on campus they realized that “GUtech students are very connected to the university,” said Fabienne. Asked whether she would like to return and conduct an internship at GUtech, she said that she would like to explore the world and rather conduct a world tour after her upcoming Bachelor thesis. “It is interesting to be here in Oman, but I never travel twice to the same location. As long as it is possible, I would like to continue doing that,” said Finja.

Caption: RWTH Aachen students Chiara, Fabienne, Kai, Geri and Finja visited GUtech today

(c) Photo & Text: Dr. Manuela Gutberlet

Train the Trainers’ Workshop at RWTH Aachen University

A didactical E-learning and teaching workshop for academics

HALBAN In our digital age, we are using the internet all the time. Within the fast-changing digital environment, university academics need to adjust and adapt their ways of teaching. A group of seven professors and lecturers from the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech) have participated in a special one week ‘Train the Trainers’ Workshop on “Excellence in Teaching” recently.

“The main aim of the workshop was to offer continuing education and to introduce new teaching tools and techniques,” said Prof. Dr.-Ing. Michael Modigell, Rector at GUtech. The workshop was held at the Department of Engineering Hydrology at GUtech’s partner-university RWTH Aachen University in Germany. The ‘Train the Trainers’ workshop’ was part of the Step2Future initiative to enhance cooperation between Germany and the Sultanate of Oman. The programme is funded by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). The workshop covered a wide range of didactical tools including e-learning systems, such as the Learning Management System Moodle, Massive Open Online Courses, Open Education Resources, Media Didactic Concepts and Video Production as well as the Gamification of Lectures and Constructive Alignment.

„It was a very successful week. The participants were eager to learn and we are confident that the gained knowledge can be successfully used in the different courses at GUtech. Furthermore, the participants will act as multiplicators at GUtech, passing on their knowledge to other academics in their faculties.” said Prof. Dr. Heribert Nacken, Head of the Hydrology Department and the Rectorate’s Delegate for Blended Learning and Exploratory Teaching Space at RWTH Aachen University. “The knowledge and skills we obtained during the training workshop are very useful and will enable us to cope with the latest trends in the field of higher education. Certainly, we will apply our knowledge acquired in the courses that we teach. This will certainly benefit GUtech students.” said Prof. Dr. Osman Barghouth, Head of the Department of Logistics, Tourism and Service Management. “The next step is to establish a medium in order to transfer our knowledge and to adapt to our university environment. We already had a first meeting and we are working on an agenda to implement different teaching tools within our ongoing seminars and lectures,” said Prof Ercan Agirbas of the Department of Urban Planning and Architectural Design (UPAD) at GUtech.


Providing students with life-changing experiences

GUtech and Outward Bound Oman conducted a joint Life Skills Course

HALBAN To enhance the student’s individual life skills, the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech) and Outward Bound Oman (OBO) have conducted a theoretical and practical course for GUtech students during the winter semester. The main aim of the course was to develop to students’ personal and professional life skills, e.g. leadership, teamwork and problem-solving skills through practical and theoretical and parts. The practical parts were held during an excursion to Wadi Al Abyad while the theory was taught at GUtech. In 2018, a Collaborative Agreement (CA) was signed between GUtech and OBO. “It was an amazing experience for our students to spend four days outside, sleeping in tents, going on demanding hikes and cooking for the entire group. It was a physical and mental challenge for them. But with the help of the highly qualified OBO Instructors, every single student succeeded. The combination of being pushed to the limits, participating in fun games, discussing the challenges of today’s youth, and being free from distractions has provided our students with a life-changing experience. OBO plays a key role in providing young people with the skills needed to take the lead for their own lives, their career and their future,” said Prof. Dr. Armin Eberlein, Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs at GUtech. The Engineering and Computer Sciences Departments offer a special course to all GUtech students preparing them for their employment.

Mark Evans, Executive Director of Outward Bound Oman said that ‘working with the students from GUtech is always an enriching experience for the team at Outward Bound Oman. As we strive to support His Majesty Sultan Haitham Bin Tariq’s government in preparing the national talent for Vision 2040, working with young people with such rich potential is inspiring. One of the key outcomes from the recent World Economic Forum was that agility of thought is one of the key skills for the future, something that our courses demand of all participants; GUtech students possess that agility in abundance.’

“We believe that such course is very important in order to achieve their goals and to be successful in the future,” said Ali Al Humairi, senior lecturer and course coordinator of the Life Skills course. In the first part of the course, GUtech staff delivered the theory, whilst the OBO team organized the relevant field-based elements outside the university, during the excursion. Throughout the seminar, key-life skills such as responsibility, engagement in learning and work, creative thinking and problem solving, innovative thinking, leadership, time management, study attitude towards mistakes, planning, communication and teamwork skills were discussed. “The course helps students to enhance their future employment, as well as to equip them with vital project management skills,” said Ali Al-Humairi. “The experience with OBO was one of a kind. It is really good for our students to have time to develop and experience something outside there comfort zone. I loved the open discussion with the students which will defiantly impact on future plans and the way they will handle things personally and professionally. In my opinion, the activities expanded the mindset of all participants through the ways they connected the different activities with our everyday lives. It was really amazing,” said Umai al Balushi, supervisor of the group and employee at the IT Department at GUtech.



First International Symposium on Contemporary Earthen Building launched

“Earth is a material with deep historical relevance in Oman”

HALBAN To raise awareness about Earth as an abundant, sustainable, and eco-friendly building product creating zero CO2 emissions, the 1st International Symposium on Contemporary Earthen Building in Oman (EBI) was launched at the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech) today morning. The two-day symposium gathers international experts in the field of Earthen Building. It aims to create a platform for discussion and exchange between the academia, the government and the industry.

“Earth is a material with deep historical relevance in Oman. It is in the DNA of Oman. Yet, despite the countless examples of earth buildings, it is little discussed or permitted as a material for present-day construction. This despite the proven benefits to air quality, recyclability and low-embodied energy,” said Professor Wayne Switzer from the Department of Urban Planning and Architectural Design (UPAD) who has initiated the two-day Symposium. According to a recent study, if 50% of the residential construction would be substituted with Earthen material in Oman, around 2.2 million tonnes of cement and 1.3 million tonnes of CO2 emissions could be potentially saved annually, said Prof. Wayne. The Rector of GUtech, Prof. Dr. Ing. Michael Modigell inaugurated the Symposium. He highlighted the importance of the Symposium, enhancing awareness about the production and the use of more environmental-friendly construction materials while substituting cement one of the main contributors of CO2 emissions. “The construction sector is responsible for one-third of the total CO2 emissions worldwide while also producing 30% of the total waste globally,” said Nicolas Coeckelberghs, architect and co-founder of BC architects 2/05 in Brussels, Belgium. “Earthen plasters provide better air quality, better acoustics, regulate humidity,” he said. According to Nicolas, in Belgium, only 37 million tonnes of Earth are excavated each year which can be used as a construction material. The amount is equivalent to 1 million trucks. To create awareness for architects and to learn how to construct Earthen buildings with earth bricks and clay concrete, his company has been organizing community workshops in Belgium as well abroad, e.g. for communities in Nigeria and Morocco.

To promote Earthen Building in Germany, official rules and regulations for Earthen architecture were introduced by Dachverband Lehm e.V., the German Association for Building with Earth. Currently, Earth is used as a construction and conservation material in Germany, said Stephan Jörchel from the German Association for Building with Earth. According to the EU action plan for a Circular Economy recyclable and environmental-friendly raw materials must be used. During his presentation, Stephan Jörchel also showed examples of earthen paint and earth plaster finish on a wall heating system.

The first day of the Symposium features presentations from experts, discussions and critical reflection. The second day will include hands-on demonstrations and a participatory workshop in the Engineering Workshop. Experts from Germany, Spain, and Belgium will be on hand to demonstrate and present how different building techniques are already being implemented and regulated. The symposium is the first event in a larger initiative on Earthen Building in Oman, which was recently launched at GUtech in 2017 when students constructed an Earthen Tower on campus.

For more information please visit or follow us @ebi_oman

(c) GUtech: Text Dr Manuela Gutberlet; Photo: Fatma Al Balushi

Siemens Mechatronic training laboratory opens

HALBAN The first Siemens Mechatronics Laboratory in Oman was inaugurated at the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech) on Wednesday 29 January. GUtech has dedicated a lab facility within its campus, equipped by Siemens. The laboratory will serve as a training center for students and professionals to complete two levels in the Siemens Mechatronic Systems Certification Program (SMSCP).

“Siemens is dedicated to promoting human capital development and local capacity building to help in fulfilling Oman’s economic development plans and implementing Industry 4.0 solutions,” said Claudia Vergueiro Massei, CEO of Siemens in Oman while adding: “We are pleased to collaborate with GUtech to bring Mechatronic training to Omani youth, offering students the opportunity to pursue this globally recognized certification that will ultimately help them contribute to Oman’s development goals.”

Mechatronics is the combination of mechanical, electrical and computer software technologies as well as control and systems theory into a single system used in production and manufacturing. In practical terms, Mechatronics raises the bar for Industry 4.0 by offering a holistic, hands-on approach to automation that can improve efficiency, productivity and quality and ultimately decrease time to market. Industries that benefit greatly from a Mechatronics system include aerospace, materials processing, machine building, automotive, transportation, building technologies and mining.

To train students interested in advancing their skills in automation and manufacturing, two academic professors from GUtech have received the Instructor SMSCP Certification Course (Level 1 and 2) at the Siemens Sitrain Training Center in Nürnberg, Germany, in 2018. GUtech and Siemens began in 2017 their collaboration on the academic program that will provide advanced learning and certification opportunities for engineering students and professionals in the Sultanate. The Mechatronics Certification courses, designed to be integrated into the university’s existing curriculum, will be offered to GUtech students in two levels. Each level of the certification is based on a job profile, which is developed by Siemens in collaboration with other industry and public sector partners.

“We are celebrating a moment of academia-industry collaboration that aims to train school leavers, students, graduates and to upskill the industrial workforce in a state of art equipped lab. The awarded certificate, which is according to an industry-driven job profile, is recognized worldwide. As part of our commitment in supporting the community, we have decided to give a scholarship discount of 30-50% to the students. We want to contribute in capacity-building, preparing the local community for the transition towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution,” said Prof. Dr. Najah Al Mhanna, Head of the Engineering Department at GUtech.

The laboratory at GUtech includes all the equipment needed to complete the first two levels of Siemens’ internationally recognized certification program. Students who complete the first level will be gain the Siemens Certified Mechatronic Systems Assistant, with skills that would help them carry out their work at plant assembly sites, workshops or in connections with service operations which utilize complex mechatronic systems. Level 2 holders will be Siemens Certified Mechatronic Systems Associate, and they can manage, investigate, repair and troubleshoot mechatronic systems, with the aim of operational efficiency and cost and process control. They would usually carry out their work at production facilities, workshops, or in service sites that use complex mechatronic systems.

Siemens is the only global industrial company to offer this program in cooperation with partner colleges and universities throughout the Middle East, Europe, North America, Asia and Africa. Under the agreement, GUtech will be the first university in Oman to offer the training and join an international network of advanced technology partners in education and industry working with Siemens to deliver these certifications.

Hydrologists from GUtech published their scientific research in the Urban Water Journal

HALBAN Scientists from the Department of Applied Geosciences at GUtech, together with a colleague from the Netherlands have published a scientific research paper in the ‘Urban Water Journal’, published by Taylor and Francis Online. The research report by Prof. Dr. Holzbecher and Dr. Hadidi is entitled ‘Flood mapping in face of rapid urbanization: a case study of Wadi Majraf-Manumah, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.’ The research has been financially supported by The Research Council (TRC).

“The continuous construction of infrastructure, as well as residential and industrial areas, can shift the spots and add higher risk of flooding to existing or newly urbanized regions. For that reason, it is of high importance to update flood and risk maps regularly,” said Dr. Ahmed Hadidi, hydrogeologist at GUtech.

The rapid urbanization observed in many parts of the world creates new challenges. Aims are the protection against flash floods and the diminution of flooding. In the research paper a case study is presented concerning the region adjacent to Wadi Majraf-Manumah in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. A team of BSc students was involved in ongoing research. Using Differential GPS they conducted a survey campaign to refine the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) in the vicinity of GUtech, located in the region. The site is characterized by rapid urbanization in the past decade. This requires a priori use of a flood simulation tool and the option for regular updates. To evaluate flood risks, it is necessary to use computer models to simulate flooding events. Regularly updated flood maps can be used for planning purposes. Advanced flood simulation tools are available that deliver accurate results in a short time, with high-resolution information and advanced capabilities to model hydrodynamic processes and that can also be used for managing actual flooding events. The hydrodynamic model 3Di, presented in the paper, is served from a GIS environment. It enables users to construct flash flood scenarios and run them in a cloud environment.

“The information about changed streamflow due to urbanization can help communities reduce their current and future vulnerabilities to floods, mitigate flash flood hazards and manage activities during disasters. Besides updating flood maps continuously, our further recommendations to reduce the flooding are to avoid urbanization activities in the flood risk zones defined by the flood maps and to improve drainage construction around these hot spots.” Said Dr. Ahmed Hadidi.

Currently, the team of researchers at GUtech are developing a prototype of an early warning system. Such Decision Support System (DSS) system could help the authorities to restrict traffic on dangerous parts of the roads,” said Dr. Ahmed Hadidi.

The Dean’s List: 153 GUtech students awarded for their academic achievements

HALBAN A total of 153 students were awarded during the Dean’s List ceremony held at GUtech yesterday afternoon. “We introduced the Dean’s List as a way to recognize outstanding academic achievements that you have made in the last year. Congratulations,” said the Deputy Rector for Academic Affairs, Prof. Dr. Armin Eberlein while adding that the students are top-class students in their Bachelor of Science study-programmes: Urban Planning Architectural Design, Applied Geosciences, Computer Sciences, Logistics, International Business and Service Management, Mechanical Engineering, Process Engineering and Environmental Engineering.

“You should be proud of this. You worked hard, attended many lectures, and in addition, spent many hours studying on your own or in a group, and it paid off. Your efforts were worth it. However, efforts alone are not sufficient to get on the Dean’s List. You also need to have the intellectual abilities that are needed for this distinction. You need to have the skills to work through complexities, solve problems, find solutions and communicate them well,” said Prof. Armin Eberlein.

Asma Ali Al Hasin, 3rd-semester BSc Applied Geosciences was part of the Dean’s List. “It was difficult, especially during the first semester of my studies. I always have to study many different subjects including life-skills and the German language. We always have to manage our time wisely. Physics and Chemistry were easy for me but all subjects related to Geosciences were more difficult. I have to manage my time wisely and I study in the library after our seminars, usually until 7 pm. I enjoy studying in the library and within the study area. The atmosphere there helps to learn,” said Asma.

To be part of the distinguished group of the Dean’s List, students have to be among the top 10% of the students in the cohort and fulfil several other requirements such as achieving an IELTS 6.0 or equivalent. In his speech, Prof. Dr Armin Eberlein added words of appreciation and thanks to late HM Sultan Qaboos bin Said. GUtech was the only private university that late HM Sultan Qaboos visited in 2012. “We are proud of his recognition of our achievements. It shows how late His Majesty valued us as individuals, our university, our educational ethos and the benefits that we as an institution bring to the Sultanate of Oman. Ultimately, it is through you, our students that GUtech contributes to Oman. You get a superb education at GUtech. But this education is not an end in itself. In a few years, you will join the workforce, you will be the ones who add value to the Omani economy. And this is what makes me proud of being part of GUtech. It allows me to not only to educate individuals for the sake of getting a degree, but I can help develop the future leaders of Oman. This is a real privilege,” said Prof. Armin.

(c) GUtech/ Text: Dr. Manuela Gutberlet; Photo: Umaima Al Zadjali

IAESTE Internship at GUtech – A Female German Mechanical Engineering student at GUtech

HALBAN To promote exchange and understanding with international students, the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech) has been accommodating a number of international interns within their departments each year. Franziska Mittermeier who is doing her MSc in Mechanical Engineering at the Technical University of Munich in Germany (TU Munich) is one of them. She has conducted an IAESTE internship organized by the (International Association for the Exchange of Students for Technical Experience) at GUtech’s Department of Mechanical Engineering in the past four months. “We are pleased to support international students with technical training experiences at our university. These students are usually very engaged in the everyday operations of the university and support our professors in teaching, projects and workshops” said Prof. Dr. Armin Eberlein, Deputy-Rector for Academic Affairs at GUtech. Throughout her time at GUtech she has played an active role in the Department of Engineering. Reflecting on her experiences she said: “I have met a lot of very nice people here in Oman. I have been mainly involved in project work in all fields of Engineering taught at GUtech. It is great to meet all different students. I enjoy the overall quiet atmosphere on campus. It is very comfortable. I also like the Tuesday events that are held as well as the football tournament and the yoga classes on campus,” she said. Previously, Franziska conducted internships at a Logistics Consultancy and at a Turbine Engine Company in Germany. Initially, IAESTE offered her an internship opportunity in Oman or in China. She opted for Oman and for GUtech.

At GUtech, Franziska has been working with students in the Engineering workshop. For example, she was involved in assisting students with building an hydraulic excavator. “I help the students in the workshop. I initially explain to them the different equipment such as measurement tools, fixtures, the drilling machine, the jigsaw or the grinder. I also supervise the students on the safety standards in the workshop. In the Thermodynamics Laboratory, I have supervised the students on the pressure measurement bench operated by Process and to Environmental Engineering students. I have also supported the supervision of technical drawing exams, and the assignments of mid-term exams.”

“It is very important for us at the Department of Engineering to host international students with a diverse educational background as well as solid basic knowledge as interns to enrich the overall didactic experience,” said Prof Dr. Emmanouil Bouzakis, Internship Coordinator at the Department of Mechanical Engineering. During her free time, Franziska has been conducting tours along with other interns from GUtech. They visited Omani wadis, the Sharquiyah Sands desert as well as Musandam. Franziska likes the landscape in Oman and she would like to come back to explore more of the South of the Sultanate. During her travels and at work, she has been surprised about the kindness of the Omani people. “At GUtech, everybody is very helpful and friendly. During a trip, we had a flat tyre. Immediately an Omani stopped and helped us to get to the next workshop. I think this would not be the case in Germany,” she said. Because of her numerous positive experiences, she would like to come back to Oman and explore the country again as a tourist.

IAESTE is an association of national committees representing academic, industrial and student interests. The Association serves around 4000 students, 3000 employers and 1000 academic institutions each year through career-focused professional internships abroad, social and intercultural reception programmes, international networking and other career and employer branding activities in more than 80 countries worldwide.

(c) GUtech

Founding Ceremony of the “Oman Hydrogen Centre” to shape Oman’s role in the global energy transition

A Competence Centre at GUtech for Green Hydrogen Research, Technology, Education, Application and Economy to develop and enable Oman´s Competencies for the Green Hydrogen Economy

HALBAN Approved by the Ministry of Higher Education, yesterday, on January 27th, 2020 in a ceremony at the History of Science Centre of the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech), the  “OMAN Hydrogen Centre” was launched today morning. In the launch ceremony Dr. Hussain Al Salmi, Deputy-Rector for Administration and Finances at GUtech, welcomed many high-ranking guests, which further underlined the importance of this new centre. The ceremony was held under the auspices of H.E. Azza Al Ismaili, Minister of Technology and Communications, and among other dignitaries H.E. Mohammed bin Hamad Al Rumhy, Minister of Oil and Gas. Also present were the Ambassadors of Germany and Japan as well as several representatives of local and international industry.

The OMAN Hydrogen Centre is the first of its kind and will serve as the centre of knowledge in hydrogen technology in Oman and beyond – regionally in the GCC. Green Hydrogen – produced from renewable energies – is of central global importance as a new energy carrier in the changing global energy industry. Both as a supplement to and, especially in the long term, successively replacing oil and gas.

This perspective was emphatically confirmed by national and international experts at the “First Oman Hydrogen Symposium” at  GUtech on October 9th, 2019 demonstrating a market volume perspective of up to  20 billion US$ in 2050 for the local economy. Oman’s geographical position and geological structure offer the chance to position  Oman as a leading global producer and supplier for green hydrogen satisfying the fast-growing worldwide demand.

The production, domestic use and export of green hydrogen can be fundamental for the economic future of Oman and will play a key role for the economic diversification and job creation efforts in the local energy industry and economy in general.

Prof. Dr. Ing. Michael Modigell, Rector of GUtech, explained in detail the role, tasks and objectives of the Oman Hydrogen Centre. As a competence hub, it will create hydrogen expertise and knowledge in Oman in all relevant fields to support the future participation of Oman in the fast-growing global hydrogen market. In this role, the centre will provide decisive impulses, guidelines and roadmaps for industry and government and bundle forces for the development of a hydrogen economy involving the production, storing, transporting, utilizing and exporting of green hydrogen.

This will be achieved through cooperative research and international exchange of knowledge and experience, network building, academic and industrial training and study concepts, consulting for institutions, applied research, exploring technical innovations and new application scenarios as well as the development of economic models. In this way, the centre supports the development hydrogen of competencies, the significant creation of new in-country jobs and can develop into a leading force of the hydrogen economy in the Gulf region.

The centre will be responsible for creating domestic and international academic, industrial, economic and transdisciplinary partnerships which will attract international experts to the country. Using these partnerships, in particular, educational programs to generate the best-skilled workforce in hydrogen technology on all levels will be established – for researchers as well as hydrogen plant and process designers or plant operators. Undergraduate and graduate courses will be developed and the centre will provide seminars and workshops to train personnel from industry and government in different field of hydrogen technology.

HE Thomas Friedrich Schneider, German Ambassador to the Sultanate said that currently the share of renewable energies in Germany’s electricity supply has reached 45%. The target of 65% in 2030 can only be achieved by importing Green Hydrogen from countries as Oman. The Ambassador also highlighted the importance to enter an Oman-German Energy dialogue.

The founding partner and Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of Hydrogen Rise AG, Olav Carlsen, provided an overview of the long-term economic potential of green hydrogen for Oman. He described the impending global change in the energy industry, its triggers and consequences and the need for building local competencies in Oman to compete with similar efforts all around the globe. He pointed out the urgency for concerted action between government, research and industry, as a central success factor in this change.

© GUtech